Penny - Your apple pie recipe is, without question, one of the best desserts I've come across in 50 years. I love the science and thinking that goes into your work - that is what moves a person from cook to chef. You found the 'why' and transformed it into a perfectly balanced, perfectly composed, totally complete dish. "As American as apple pie" has taken on a whole new meaning for me since trying your recipe. We've all had bad, mediocre and good apple pies in our lives. Yours is simply splendid. "It is perfectly Penny". Very well done, Chef!